The book analyses the training of artists devoted to music in Southern Italy. Singers, instrumentalists, and composers represent the object of the research, focusing on the places of training between regular institutes, ‘botteghe’ (workshops)and art families. Specifically investigated are the ways of approaching the secrets of the performing arts professions, in its broadest sense, and the stages of learning are traced up to the moment of the official or unofficial debut. This makes it possible to outline biographies and understand the entrepreneurial skills of this nomadic army capable of taking their knowledge to the most diverse cities in Europe and beyond. The publication draws on the international study conference promoted by the Fondazione Pietà de’ Turchini in November 2021 La formazione musicale nel Meridione d’Italia tra viceregno e regno.